Are you unsure whether your gums are healthy or not? Well, you're in luck—your Richmond Hill, GA, general dentist, Dr. Nils Anderson, examines his patients' gums and educates them on how to achieve periodontal health. Read on to learn more!
What is periodontal disease?
An infection of the gums, periodontal disease causes widespread inflammation in the oral cavity and also systemically throughout the body. Caused by bacteria living in plaque and tartar between the teeth and under the gums, this all-too-common problem is the leading cause of tooth loss across the world, says the European Federation of Periodontology.
As bacteria proliferate, inflammation increases and the gums redden and pull away from tooth roots, thus causing the formation of deep gum pockets. The bone in the alveolar ridge of the jaw then deteriorates and loosens the teeth.
Fortunately, the mildest type of periodontal disease, gingivitis, is easily detected by your Richmond Hill, GA, general dentist, and can be managed by better brushing/flossing and a thorough professional cleaning by your hygienist. More advanced forms of the condition may require advanced root planing, laser surgery, or gum grafting.
Signs of periodontal disease
Besides reddened gums and loose teeth, your dentist and hygienist may notice:
- Gum tissue that is dark or dusky in color
- Pus at and beneath the gums
- Halitosis, or bad breath
- Gum tenderness
- Bleeding during brushing or flossing
- Exposed tooth roots
- A lengthening appearance to teeth
- Tooth drifting
- Changes in dental bite or in the fit of a denture
Preventing the problem
One of our founding fathers, Ben Franklin, said, "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure." This time-tested axiom proves true when it comes to maintaining a long-lasting and attractive smile.
So, to prevent gum disease be sure to:
- Eat a low-sugar, high-fiber diet.
- Wash it down with plenty of water, and stay well-hydrated throughout the day.
- Brush two times a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss daily.
- See Dr. Anderson twice a year for an examination and hygienic cleaning.
- Stop all tobacco usage (cigarettes accelerate the destructive action of oral bacteria, while the heat of smoke actually burns all soft oral tissues)
Come see Dr. Anderson
He'll check you for signs of periodontal disease and if needed, put you on a treatment program to manage it. If you need a six-month appointment or have a question or concern about your gums, please call the office team at (912) 459-2345.